British physicist Robert Hooke stated that there is a proportional relationship between the force required to extend or compress a spring, and the distance that the spring is extended or compressed.

Here are 11 lesser known facts about the British physicist:

  1. He was born in Freshwater on the Isle of Wight.
  1. When he was a child he took an interest in drawing and he would make his own materials from iron ore, chalk, and coal.
  1. In 1653, at the age of 18, he enrolled at the University of Oxford’s Christ Church College, where he studied experimental science and became a chorister. Here, he also worked as an assistant to Thomas Willis, a physician and founding member of the Royal Society.
  1. In 1655, he moved to Oxford and became assistant to the chemist Robert Boyle, an Anglo-Irish natural philosopher, physicist, chemist, and inventor.
  1. In 1662, Robert became curator of the newly founded Royal Society, a role he did for 40 years. His duties were to produce 3 or 4 notable experimental demonstrations for each weekly meeting of the society.
  1. Hooke’s Law (also known as the law of elasticity) was crafted in 1660 thanks to his various experiments and observations. The law of elasticity states that, for relatively small deformations of an object, the displacement or size of the deformation is directly proportional to the deforming force or load.
  1. When he discovered the law of elasticity, Hooke published it as an anagram. This was a method occasionally used by scientists, like – Galileo, Huygens, and others, to establish priority for a discovery without revealing details. The law of elasticity is still considered a law of scienceto this day.
  1. In 1665, Robert published one of the most important science books ever – Micrographia. This book is also notable for coining the biological term cell. It is also especially notable for being the first book to illustrate insects and plants as seen through microscopes.
  1. In December 1691, Hooke received the degree of “Doctor of Physic.”
  1. He died in London on March 3, 1703, and was buried at St Helen’s Bishopsgate. Hooke was very wealthy at the time of his death.
  1. Newton, as President of the Royal Society, did much to obscure Robert, including, it is said, destroying the only known portrait of the man. The image below is a modern portrait of Robert Hooke by Rita Greer in 2004, based on descriptions by Aubrey and Waller; no contemporary depictions of Hooke are known to survive.
Robert Hooke